Twenty years ago in 1999 I attended my first annual PRIM&R conference. I did so in the aftermath of then OPRR (now OHRP)’s shutdown of human subjects research that year of three federally funded institutions. At the time, there was a feeling of “there go I but for the grace of god;” if it could happen at these institutions, it could happen anywhere. Here we are in 2019, and there are once again scandals grabbing the research compliance headlines—this time involving scientific misconduct and questions of research integrity. And I cannot help but step back 20 years to that pivotal moment for IRBs and human subjects protections programs across the United States and ask again, what does a strong and robust Research Integrity program look like? Read more